Artículos de revistas
Occurrence of dead core in catalytic particles containing immobilized enzymes: analysis for the Michaelis–Menten kinetics and assessment of numerical methods
Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, v. 39, n. 11, p. 1717-1727, 2016.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
In this article, the occurrence of dead core in catalytic particles containing immobilized enzymes is analyzed for the Michaelis–Menten kinetics. An assessment of numerical methods is performed to solve the boundary value problem generated by the mathematical modeling of diffusion and reaction processes under steady state and isothermal conditions. Two classes of numerical methods were employed: shooting and collocation. The shooting method used the ode function from Scilab software. The collocation methods included: that implemented by the bvode function of Scilab, the orthogonal collocation, and the orthogonal collocation on finite elements. The methods were validated for simplified forms of the Michaelis–Menten equation (zero-order and first-order kinetics), for which analytical solutions are available. Among the methods covered in this article, the orthogonal collocation on finite elements proved to be the most robust and efficient method to solve the boundary value problem concerning Michaelis–Menten kinetics. For this enzyme kinetics, it was found that the dead core can occur when verified certain conditions of diffusion–reaction within the catalytic particle. The application of the concepts and methods presented in this study will allow for a more generalized analysis and more accurate designs of heterogeneous enzymatic reactors.