Artículos de revistas
Avaliação do nível de multicaminho no posicionamento relativo GPS e sua atenuação através da análise de multiresolução
Boletim de Ciencias Geodesicas, v. 11, n. 2, p. 221-234, 2005.
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
The multipath effect affects the differential and relative positioning, even that one involving short baselines. So it is necessary to detect this effect, check the caused error level, and mainly, its removal. This paper aims at analysing and comparing some useful components in the detection of this effect. These components are the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), the values of MP1 and MP2 obtained from the TEQC software that indicates the multipath level in the carriers L1 and L2, the multipath repeatability in consecutive days and the elevation angle and the azimuth of the satellites. For this purpose, an experiment is carried out, comparing such components in the presence and the absence of reflector objects that cause the multipath. Not only there is clear multipath repeatability in the residuals, but it also appears in the measures SNR, MP1 and MP2, reaching up 99% of correlation. For reduction, at least, of the high frequency multipath effect, the Multi-Resolution Analysis using wavelets is applied in the double differences (DD) measures. Some statistical tests were accomplished, which indicate results improvement, and mainly, larger reliability in the solution of the ambiguities, reaching up 49% of improvement concerning the Ratio test without applying the proposed method.