Artículos de revistas
Agent-based model to rural-urban migration analysis
Physica A-statistical Mechanics and Its Applications. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 364, p. 445-456, 2006.
Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
In this paper, we analyze the rural-urban migration phenomenon as it is usually observed in economies which are in the early stages of industrialization. The analysis is conducted by means of a statistical mechanics approach which builds a computational agent-based model. Agents are placed on a lattice and the connections among them are described via an Ising-like model. Simulations on this computational model show some emergent properties that are common in developing economies, such as a transitional dynamics characterized by continuous growth of urban population, followed by the equalization of expected wages between rural and urban sectors (Harris-Todaro equilibrium condition), urban concentration and increasing of per capita income. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.