Artículo de revista
Revisiting the role of TRP, orai, and ASIC channels in the pulmonary arterial response to hypoxia
Frontiers in Physiology, Volumen 9, Issue MAY, 2018,
Reyes, Roberto V.
Castillo Galán, Sebastián
Herrera, Emilio A.
Ebensperger Darrouy, Germán
Llanos Mansilla, Jorge
© 2018 Reyes, Castillo-Galán, Hernandez, Herrera, Ebensperger and Llanos. The pulmonary arteries are exquisitely responsive to oxygen changes. They rapidly and proportionally contract as arterial PO2 decrease, and they relax as arterial PO2 is re-established. The hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is intrinsic since it does not require neural or endocrine factors, as evidenced in isolated vessels. On the other hand, pulmonary arteries also respond to sustained hypoxia with structural and functional remodeling, involving growth of smooth muscle medial layer and later recruitment of adventitial fibroblasts, secreted mitogens from endothelium and changes in the response to vasoconstrictor and vasodilator stimuli. Hypoxic pulmonary arterial vasoconstriction and remodeling are relevant biological responses both under physiological and pathological conditions, to explain matching between ventilation and perfusion, fetal to neonatal transition of pulmonary circulation and pulmonary arte