Artículo de revista
Diet breadth and its relationship with genetic diversity and differentiation: The case of southern beech aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
Bulletin of Entomological Research, Volumen 94, Issue 3, 2018, Pages 219-227
Figueroa, C. C.
Niemeyer, H. M.
Ramírez, C. C.
Herbivorous insect species with narrow diet breadth are expected to be more prone to genetic differentiation than insect species with a wider diet breadth. However, a generalist can behave as a local specialist if a single host-plant species is locally available, while a specialist can eventually behave as a generalist if its preferred host is not available. These problems can be addressed by comparing closely related species differing in diet breadth with overlapping distributions of insect and host populations. In this work, diet breadth, genetic diversity and population differentiation of congeneric aphid species from southern beech forests in Chile were compared. While at the species level no major differences in genetic diversity were found, a general trend towards higher genetic diversity as diet breadth increased was apparent. The aphid species with wider diet breadth, Neuquenaphis edwardsi (Laing), showed the highest genetic diversity, while the specialist Neuquenaphis staryi Q