Vigilancia tecnológica de los tres principales productos agrícolas base de alimentación y cultivados en Brasil y Argentina
Escobar Campos, Lina Marcela
Gómez Florez, Astrid Melissa
Díaz Satizabal, Catalina
The food security should be a priority for the governments of Brazil and Argentina, because they must ensure the production and supply of staple foods for future generations, understood as staples products as those most consumed either in its original form or by-products, these products are wheat, corn and rice. Ensuring the production and supply of these products in the short and long term, understanding which of the production processes used in the realization of the power base are not compatible with the environment, generating negative impacts on the environment. These environmental impacts from agriculture are identified as the overuse of natural resources including water and its contamination by toxic agents such as agricultural chemicals and fertilizers. Also, the use of these toxic agents generates infertility of the soil affecting the production in the long term. Understand environmental impacts, involves developing cross-cutting strategies that enable the secure sustainable development throughout the product cycle; These strategies must be accompanied by a performance and efficiency of crops, it is useless implement strategies compatible with the environment if it is not satisfied with the main objective of producing these products, which is to guarantee the supply and feeding for present and future. Developing these strategies involves proper management of information, because not all are necessary for the fulfilment of the objectives; through the optimal management decisions that allow choose and implement the best environmental strategy.