Percepciones de las adolescentes sobre el embarazo y métodos de planificación familiar
Mosos Lamprea, Kriscia Lorena
Adolescence is a period of psychological and physical changes, where sexual rights and duties are acquired (1, 2). The proportion of pregnancies in adolescents in Colombia according to the ENDS 2005 increased, from 14.6% to 18.5% (3, 4). Therefore, it was important to know the adolescents' perceptions about pregnancy and family planning methods as a basis for the creation of strategies to improve this social problem (5). Based on the qualitative methodology of the Grounded Theory (6), a mixed study was conducted, performing an in-depth interview, sociodemographic data collection and the application of a validated self-esteem scale (7-9) in 25 pregnant adolescents in the Gynecology and Obstetrics service at the MEDERI Mayor University Hospital in Bogotá. The analysis of the qualitative data was performed with the software Nvivo11 and the statistical analysis was performed with the software Stata. Family support in teen pregnancy is important. Low self-esteem and lack of structured living projects are risk factors for school drop-out and increased early pregnancy. Stigmatization by health professionals constitutes a barrier to the use of family planning methods in adolescents. The implementation of strategies focused on strengthening self-esteem, creating structured life plans and raising awareness of health personnel, and how to provide counseling without judging adolescents, would improve service attendance and use of planning methods.