Retos para los grupos de apoyo en lactancia materna
Tirano Bernate, Daiana Catherine
Introduction: Breastfeeding ensures adequate nutrition during the early stages of child development. This practice has relevance to the global public health given its manifold properties. Despite its recognition, breastfeeding presents frequent difficulties that prevent the normal course leading even it to desert. Methodology: We reviewed the existent literature using as key words (MeSH): Breast Feeding, prevention and control, Lactation Disorders; We chose 55 studies wrote in the last five years, in which we identified the strategies for prevention and control of the main problems associated with breastfeeding. Results: The impact of breastfeeding on the reduction of the global morbidity and mortality rate in short and long term was described; Subsequently, we identified that protection promotion and support of breastfeeding is governed by three main public policies which are called infant and 3 toddler feeding, child-friendly hospitals, and breast milk substitute commercialization law. Finally, we described the importance of support groups in the transfer of information and the management of common problems in the breastfeeding stage. Conclusions: The results of the present review highlight the importance of carrying out advocacy interventions through support groups to improve breastfeeding practices in order to prevent and resolve possible problems that may arise during this stage.