Prevalencia del ausentismo en una entidad de salud de Floridablanca (Colombia) en el año 2014 y los factores laborales y satisfacción asociados
Urrea Vega, Edwing
Introduction: Absenteeism is considered an issue of interest in the work environment, because of its implications personal, productive, competitive, organizational and social. Objective: To determine the prevalence of labor absenteeism in a health institution of Floridablanca (Colombia) in the year 2014 and occupational factors and associate satisfaction. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study, we conducted a sampling by convenience, applied a self-administered survey that assessed factors personal, employment, job satisfaction and absenteeism in 169 workers in a health institution of second level of Floridablanca (Colombia). We calculated the prevalence of absenteeism and the average days of duration; also, an analysis bivariate Chi2 test and Student's T test to identify associations. Results: We found a prevalence of labor absenteeism in workers in the healthcare area of 15.7%, with an average duration of five days; In addition, major alterations of health that caused absenteeism were respiratory diseases, viral diseases and gastrointestinal diseases (15%, 20% and 15%, respectively). We found statistically significant associations between performance area, economic stratum and academic level with labor absenteeism; However, no association found with job satisfaction. Conclusions: while the findings of this study should be interpreted with caution due to the type of sampling, these allow to identify possible associations with work absenteeism among health workers; In addition, is suggested to assess absenteeism in job satisfaction variables.