Evaluación del riesgo cardiovascular usando la escala de Framingham en aviadores militares del ejército colombiano
TEME 0025 2012
Sánchez Daza, Leyder Joanna
Herrera González, Yinet Elvira
Daza Mora, María
Objetives The main goal of this study was to estímate the prevalence and to identify risk factor to cardiovascular disease in a group of pilots belong to the Colombian Military forces. Methods A cross-sectional correlational study was carried out.. The sample comprised 1317 certified pilots males with ages between 21 and 44 years old (mean = 31) who were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The information about weight, height, body mass index, colesterol total, triglicerides, and HDL was obtained from clinical chart of each indidividual. From the colected data, we computed the Framingham score to compute the cardiovascular risk index and were estimated the prevalences of overweight, obesity, hypertesion, hyperlipedemia, diabetes and smoking Results We found a prevalence of 3.34% to hypertension, 56.9% to hyperlipemia, 67.3% to low HDL, 55.1% to overweight and 4.3% to obesity. 12.8% of the military individuals are smokers. We observed statistically significant differences among pilots and crew individuals. Conclusions The prevalence of risk factors to cardiovascular disease is not the same among military and nonmilitary pilots and crew individual. We found slight and latent levels of risk to cardiovascular disease using the Framingham, scale, which indicates that it is important to make promotion and prevention programs onside of the military institution.