Educar las emociones: una reflexión sobre los programas de educación emocional en la primera infancia a través de la lente de la Psicología Positiva
Merinoj Jaramillo, Maria Juliana
The stage of early childhood, which encompasses the period between 0 and 6 years of age, is the time in which the brain possesses the most plasticity, for which it is currently believed that education should begin during this stage of life. Early education (pre-schooling) has been losing its interest in the cognitive processes and instead has decided to focus on the social and emotional development of children. These writings seek to describe the characteristics of emotional education programs during the early childhood stage under the lens of Positive Psychology, and through the implementation of unique, state-of-the-art qualitative methodologies of documentation. The obtained results may be categorized as either empirical or theoretical; in the empirical sector it was discovered that although the targeted audience is children during early childhood, various programs are geared towards working with the caretakers of children. On the other hand, more common variables such as interpersonal abilities and problem solving skills were addressed. In the theoretical sector, it was discovered that programs are oriented under a dynamic pedagogy, and that many focus on approaches geared towards the promotion of social skills.