Herramienta de evaluación para programas de inclusión en actividad física, recreación y deporte para personas con discapacidad en Colombia
Vélez Almonacid, Jesús Germán
Introduction: The evaluation of social programs, has been, since its beginnings, of great importance to strengthen the process of decision-makers of the programs, because it feeds the executed and helps implementing corrective measures necessary to achieve the desired impact on the target population, who are generally vulnerable communities such as people with disabilities. In recent years, this population has been the focus of many programs and projects in different fields such as physical activity, recreation, sport and physical education. In order to parameterize and allow an adequate impact on this population, COLDEPORTES designed in 2013 a set of guidelines which are responsible for generating the course of actions of the programs that are designed and implemented in local authorities. With the purpose of following up and observing results of its application, it is necessary to do so through an assessment tool. According to the latest trends in the evaluation of social programs, it should be made through indicators, which allow to do an evaluation in a more efficient manner. Therefore, the assessment tool for the guidelines should be made by using indicators. Objective: To generate an evaluation tool for programs and activities in physical activity, recreation and sport for people with disabilities in Colombia, taking into account the guidelines defined by COLDEPORTES. Methodology: Was conducted literature review on the evaluation of social programs, evaluation indicators and people with disabilities, followed the evaluation indicators were designed based on the variables of the guidelines proposed by COLDEPORTES subsequently indicators were subjected to a validation in a nominal group, consisting of experts in social programs and work in people with sidabilities, finally, they were systematized and analyzed of results. v Results: The assessment tool was validated by experts; there were adjustments in the evaluation indicators of the guidelines for accessibility to communication and information, accessibility to academic training and accessibility to the physical environment. Conclusions: The assessment tool designed is a first step to improve current methods of evaluation, aimed at strengthening the existing data of people with disabilities and have a vision of the impact of plans, programs and projects in physical activity, recreation and sports executed today. There is need to continue researching new alternatives of assessment processes to improve decision-making and guarantee schemes, appropriate programs and social projects for the population, without distinguishing their characteristics.