Artículos de revistas
Static Biomechanics in bone from growing rats exposed chronically to simulated high altitudes
Bozzini, Clarisa; Champin, Graciela Monica; Alippi, Rosa Maria; Bozzini, Carlos Eduardo Jose; Static Biomechanics in bone from growing rats exposed chronically to simulated high altitudes; Mary Ann Liebert Inc; High Altitude Medicine & Biology; 14; 4; 8-2013; 367-374
Champin, Graciela Monica
Alippi, Rosa Maria
Bozzini, Carlos Eduardo Jose
Biomechanical behavior of bone is related to the amount (bone mass) and its architectural distribution, as well as the mechanical quality of bone material. This investigation reports the effects of exposure to different simulated high altitudes (SHA) (1850, 2900, 4100, and 5450 m) on femur biomechanical properties in female growing rats exposed to SHA (22-23 h/d) between the 32° and the 74° days of life. The ex vivo right femur was mechanically tested in three-point bending. The left femur was ashed at 600°C and the ash weight obtained. Final body weight and structural (loads at yielding and fracture, stiffness, and elastic energy absorption) and architectural (diaphyseal cross-sectional area, cortical area, and cross-sectional moment of inertia) were negatively affected in the animals exposed to the two highest SHA. Material properties of the mineralized tissue (Young's modulus and limit elastic stress) and the degree of mineralization were unaffected. In conclusion, hypoxic bone is weaker than normoxic one because of its smaller bone mass, which appear to have been negatively influenced by SHA in relation to its effects on overall body mass.