Utilização do grão tostado de soja (Glicine max (L) Merril) na alimentação de vacas em lactação
Roasted soybeans (glycine max. (l) merril) for lactating dairy cows
Carvalho, Nelcy Madruga de
Soybeans were roasted in an experimental roaster during 2 or 3 minutes either at 380 or 490 ºC air temperature and kept or not for 30 minutes under steeping. The heat treatment effects on soybeans were evaluated in a first trial through two different procedures: a) after 16 hours of an “in situ” ruminal incubation period, all heat treated soybeans showed an increased (P<0,05) rumen undegraded protein (RUP) content in comparison to raw soybeans; b) a pepsin/pancreatin “in vitro” procedure showed that roasting at 380 ºC, during 2 minutes, with steeping, or at 380 ºC , during 3 minutes without steeping, did not affect the “in vitro” enzymatic intestinal digestibility of soybeans (P>0,05). In a second trial, soybeans roasted at 380 ºC, during 2 minutes and kept under steeping were included in isonitrogenous and isocaloric lactating dairy cows rations and evaluated in comparison to raw soybeans, with two other protein sources as references. There were no differences (P>0,05) between the roasted and raw soybeans diets related either to dry matter or crude protein intakes, milk yield and composition and plasma urea nitrogen (PUN) and milk urea nitrogen (MUN) concentrations, but roasted soybeans yielded significantly (P<0,05) more milk per kg of dry matter or crude protein intake than raw soybeans.