Antioxidant effect of resveratrol in single red blood cells measured by thermal fluctuation spectroscopy
Jose Gallardo, Maria
The human red blood cell (RBC) membrane has significant elastic capabilities which can be described measuring typical membrane edge fluctuations and mechanical properties by optical techniques. The RBC elastic properties can be affected by changes in the surrounding media. In an attempt to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the interaction of resveratrol with the red cell membrane and of its antioxidant capacity the changes in mechanical properties of the RBC membrane were analyzed. These studies were carried out through measurements of RBC membrane fluctuations in the presence of the oxidant agent HClO using thermal fluctuation spectroscopy (TFS). The observed results showed that the elastic capabilities of RBC changed with low concentration of hypochlorous acid but without morphological changes. However, in the presence of resveratrol the deformation and decrease of elastic capabilities induced by HClO on RBC decreased. These in vitro results demonstrated the protective effect of RV against the detrimental effects triggered by HClO upon human erythrocytes.