Model testing of suction caissons in clay subjected to vertical loading
Applied Ocean Research 32
Artículo de publicación ISIA wide range of new offshore applications are emerging in the energy sector. The oil and gas industry is targeting minimum facility applications, whilst the renewable energy sector is developing offshore wind turbines, as well as a number of wave and tidal energy devices. The design and installation of the foundations are key considerations in the financial viability of such offshore engineering projects. Suction caisson foundations are a potential solution for these new developments, but design guidance is relatively sparse. This paper considers the vertical loading response of a caisson foundation in clay, during installation and under both monotonic and cyclic vertical loading. The main contribution is the presentation and interpretation of high quality experimental data. Vertical loading is critical for the design of a multi-footing structure of the type that might be used for large offshore wind turbines. We first consider the installation behaviour and compare data from pushed installations and a suction installation with results from a theoretical calculation. We then consider cyclic vertical loading tests, focussing on cyclic amplitudes that take the foundation into tension. Detailed displacement data and pore pressure data are presented.