Artículos de revistas
Photoelastic analysis of conventional and locking system for treatment of mandibular angle fractures with a single plate
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, v. 13, n. 4, p. e328-e333, 2021.
Universidade do Oeste Paulista (UNOESTE)
Universidade do Sagrado Coração
Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
Background: This photoelastic analysis evaluated stress distribution in different osteosynthesis systems, conventional and locking, used for treatment of mandibular angle fractures with a single plate. Material and Methods: Angle fractures were simulated in mandibles made of photoelastic resin. Following Champy’s method, plate osteosynthesis was performed. The samples were divided into five groups: Group 1, non-fractured mandible; Group 2, two screws were installed in each segment using a conventional system; Group 3, two screws were installed in each segment using a locking system; Group 4, three screws were installed in the proximal segment and four screws in the distal segment using a conventional plate; Group 5, three screws were installed in the proximal segment and four screws in the distal segment using a locking plate. In universal testing machine coupled to a polariscope, a load was applied to the first molar 10 times. The 50 images were randomly numbered and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by two raters. Results: The locking system promoted better stress distribution along the osteosynthesis. The locking system redu- ced stress magnitude in the distal segment, with a significant between-group difference (P≤ 0.001). Conclusions: The locking plate/screw system can distribute stress more evenly throughout the osteosynthesis, especially when long seven-hole plates are used.