Artículos de revistas
Sulfate and metal removal from acid mine drainage using sugarcane vinasse as electron donor: Performance and microbial community of the down-flow structured-bed bioreactor
Bioresource Technology, v. 330.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
Rodovia José Aurélio Vilela
The down flow structured bed bioreactor (DFSBR) was applied to treat synthetic acid mine drainage (AMD) to reduce sulfate, increase the pH and precipitate metals in solutions (Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Zn) using vinasse as an electron donor for sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). DFSBR achieved sulfate removal efficiencies between 55 and 91%, removal of Co and Ni were obtained with efficiencies greater than 80%, while Fe, Zn, Cu and Mn were removed with average efficiencies of 70, 80, 73 and 60%, respectively. Sulfate reduction increased pH from moderately acidic to 6.7–7.5. Modelling data confirmed the experimental results and metal sulfide precipitation was the mainly responsible for metal removal. The main genera responsible for sulfate and metal reduction were Geobacter and Desulfovibrio while fermenters were Parabacteroides and Sulfurovum. Moreover, in syntrophism with SRB, they played an important role in the efficiency of metal and sulfate removal.