Cálculo de la tarifa óptima para los buses del servicio de trasporte urbano en la ciudad de Cuenca para el año 2015
Baculima León, Mayra Elizabeth
Morales Matute, Ana Lorena
This research aims to determine the optimal economic rate that bus drivers should charge in order to finance their economic expenses and to generate higher social welfare. To determine the economic rate, the costs incurred by a bus driver are analyzed considering the part related to investment, financial, and operational costs proposed in the methodology of the Traffic National Agency. On the other hand, in terms of transit services demand, the model of linear expenditure system is used to quantify it. The model is based on the maximization of a utility function that is subject to a budget constraint. Finally, the optimum rate is obtained through the second best condition (P = Cme), resulting in a flat rate of $ 0.32 cents and a differential rate of $ 0.16.