Artículos de revistas
Catalase is more sensible to the inhibitory effect of soluble component of tobacco smoke than Glutathione Peroxidase and Superoxide Dismutase
Rev. Toxicol (2017) 34: 148- 152
Muñoz Roa, Mirna Andrea
Del Pozo, M.
ArtículoTobacco smoke causes oxidative damage directly by the effect of their oxidants or indirectly through the induction of endogenously produced oxidants and/or inactivation of antioxidants. The oxidative effect of tobacco smoke depends on many variables: dose, time of exposure, tissue or cell type and endogenous antioxidant status. In an attempt to simplify this complex scenario, we examined the effect of a soluble extract of tobacco smoke on the activity of purified antioxidant enzymes (catalase, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase) and in human plasma. Our results revealed that catalase and glutathione peroxidase were inhibited with an IC50 of 18 and 80 smoker equivalents (arbitrary units), respectively; meanwhile superoxide dismutase was not affected. A similar effect of soluble extract of tobacco smoke was obtained for antioxidant enzymes in human plasma, where catalase was inhibited, while superoxide dismutase was little affected, and glutathione peroxidase increased 20% its activity. Benzo[a]pyrene, a well-known component of tobacco smoke, was partly responsible for catalase inactivation. Although soluble extract of tobacco smoke and benzo[a]pyrene both induced carbonylation of plasma proteins, we ruled out that catalase inhibition would be caused by carbonylation, since the inhibition was reversed by dialysis. Considering the higher sensitivity of catalase to inhibition induced by soluble extract of tobacco smoke and its important role in peroxide elimination, we conceived that benzo[a]pyrene and other compounds of tobacco smoke extract promote a transient peroxide accumulation which could be one of the factors responsible for the oxidative damage in respiratory tract and other tissues in smokers.