Artículos de revistas
Complex network study of solar magnetograms
Entropy 2022, 24, 753
Muñoz Gálvez, Víctor Hugo
Flández Guerrero, Eduardo
In this paper, we study solar magnetic activity by means of a complex network approach. A complex network was built based on information on the space and time evolution of sunspots provided by image recognition algorithms on solar magnetograms taken during the complete 23rd solar cycle. Both directed and undirected networks were built, and various measures such as degree distributions, clustering coefficient, average shortest path, various centrality measures, and Gini coefficients calculated for all them. We find that certain measures are correlated with solar activity and others are anticorrelated, while several measures are essentially constant along the solar cycle. Thus, we show that complex network analysis can yield useful information on the evolution of solar activity and reveal universal features valid at any stage of the solar cycle; the implications of this research for the prediction of solar maxima are discussed as well.