Central-to-peripheral arterial stiffness gradient in hemodialyzed patients depends on the location of the upper-limb vascular access
Bia, Daniel; Galli, Cintia Nora; Zócalo, Yanina; Valtuille, Rodolfo; Wray, Sandra; et al.; Central-to-peripheral arterial stiffness gradient in hemodialyzed patients depends on the location of the upper-limb vascular access; Bentham Science Publishers; Current Hypertension Reviews; 14; 2; 11-2018; 128-136
Galli, Cintia Nora
Pessana, Franco Martin
Cabrera Fischer, Edmundo Ignacio
Background: Pulse wave velocity ratio (PWV-ratio), a measure of central-to-peripheral arterial stiffness gradient, is calculated as a quotient between carotid-femoral and carotid-radial PWV (cf-PWV/cr-PWV). This new index has been reported to be significantly associated with increased mortality in hemodialyzed patients. Since several reports showed differences in arterial stiffness regarding the pathway where the vascular access (VA) is, the purpose of this research was: a) to compare arterial stiffness values obtained in the left and right sides of the body in hemodialyzed and non-hemodialyzed patients, and b) to analyze PWV-ratio values obtained on the side of the body where the VA was placed and compare them to its contralateral intact side. Since it is difficult to adequately measure cr-PWV in patients with a VA in the forearm, we measured the carotid-brachial PWV (cb-PWV) and used it to calculate PWV-ratio (cf-PWV/cb-PWV). Methods: A Pearson’s correlation and Bland & Altman analysis were performed in hemodialyzed (n=135) and non-hemodialyzed (n=77) patients, to quantify the equivalence between arterial stiffness parameters (cf-PWV, cb-PWV, PWV-ratio) obtained on each side of the body with respect to its contralateral side. Results: We conclude that PWV-ratio values measured on the side where the VA is placed were significantly higher than those obtained in its contralateral side, in hemodialyzed patients included in this research. Moreover, cf-PWV, cb-PWV and PWV-ratio values obtained on one side of the body were always highly correlated with its contralateral side. Conclusion: According to this research, any research involving PWV-ratio should always consider the observed territory.