Coupling Epidemiological Models with Social Dynamics
Giambiagi Ferrari, Carlo; Pinasco, Juan Pablo; Saintier, Nicolas Bernard Claude; Coupling Epidemiological Models with Social Dynamics; Springer; Bulletin Of Mathematical Biology; 83; 7; 7-2021; 1-23
Giambiagi Ferrari, Carlo
Pinasco, Juan Pablo
Saintier, Nicolas Bernard Claude
In this work we study a Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible model coupled with a continuous opinion dynamics model. We assume that each individual can take measures to reduce the probability of contagion, and the level of effort each agent applies can change due to social interactions. We propose simple rules to model the propagation of behaviors that modify the level of effort, and analyze their impact on the dynamics of the disease. We derive a two dimensional set of ordinary differential equations describing the dynamic of the proportion of the number of infected individuals and the mean value of the effort parameter, and analyze the equilibria of the system. The stability of the endemic phase and disease free equilibria depends only on the mean value of the levels of efforts, and not on the initial distribution of levels of effort.