The Effect of Endogenous Modulator Endobain E on NMDA Receptor Is Interfered by Zn 2+ but Is Independent of Modulation by Spermidine
Reines, Analia Gabriela; Zarate, Sandra Cristina; Peña, Clara; Rodriguez, Georgina Emma; The Effect of Endogenous Modulator Endobain E on NMDA Receptor Is Interfered by Zn 2+ but Is Independent of Modulation by Spermidine; Springer/Plenum Publishers; Neurochemical Research; 29; 4; 4-2004; 819-825
Reines, Analia Gabriela
Zarate, Sandra Cristina
Rodriguez, Georgina Emma
A brain endogenous factor, termed endobain E, allosterically decreases [ 3H]dizocilpine binding to NMDA receptor. Such effect depends on receptor activation by the coagonists glutamate and glycine and is interfered by channel blockers, suggesting its interaction with the inner surface of the associated channel. To further analyze endobain E effect on NMDA receptor, in the current study competitive [ 3H]dizocilpine binding assays to brain membranes were performed with Zn 2+ to block the associated channel, as well as with spermidine (SPD), which exerts positive allosteric modulation of NMDA receptor. Partially or nonadditive effects on [ 3H]dizocilpine binding were recorded, respectively, in the presence of endobain E at a concentration that inhibits binding 25% plus IC 25 Zn 2+ or endobain E at a concentration that inhibits binding 50% plus IC 50 Zn 2+. With an endobain E concentration that decreases 25% ligand binding, SPD potentiated binding over a wide concentration range but failed to modify endobain E effect. Similarly, [ 3H]dizocilpine binding reduction over a wide endobain E concentration range remained unaltered by high SPD concentrations. Additive effects were observed with endobain E at a concentration that decreases binding 25% plus IC 25 SPD site antagonists arcaine or ifenprodil. Zn 2+ experiments indicated that endobain E effect is interfered by channel blockade produced by this ion. Although endobain E effect is dependent on NMDA receptor activation by glutamate and glycine, it proves independent of the positive modulation exerted by SPD. Thus the endogenous modulator seems not to interact at NMDA receptor polyamine site, favoring the hypothesis that endobain E binds inside the associated channel.