Mesangial cells are able to produce catecholamines in vitro
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry. New York: Wiley-liss, v. 89, n. 1, p. 144-151, 2003.
Di Marco, G. S.
Naffah-Mazzacoratti, M. D.
Vio, C. P.
Dos Santos, OFP
Casarini, D. E.
Mesangial cells(MC) participate in the control of the glomerular function due to their ability to synthesize hormones and induce cell contraction. Since MC can produce various kinds of hormones, the purpose of the present study was to determine if they are able to synthesize catecholamines. for this evaluation, the levels of norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine, and biopterin, the enzymatic cofactor of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), were analyzed by HPLC in the intracellular compartment and in the medium of primary cultured MC. To identify and locate the enzymes responsible for monoamine synthesis, TH, dopa decarboxylase, and dopamine beta-hydroxylase, Western blotting and immunocytochemistry were employed using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. Concentrations of NE = 57 +/- 8, EPI = 82 +/- 10, and DA=52 +/- 9 pg/mg protein (X +/- SEM) were found in the cell homogenate. the culture medium showed concentrations of NE=25 +/- 3, EPI 33 +/- 3, and DA=62 +/- 15 pg/mg protein. Western blotting analysis and immunocytochemistry evidenced the presence of all enzymes. Moreover, biopterin was also detected in the intracellular compartment and in the medium (0.28 +/- 10.03 and 5.70 +/- 2 nmol/mg cell protein, respectively). Overall, the data indicate that MC have the biosynthetic machinery necessary to produce catecholamines, suggesting that they can act as a paracrine/autocrine hormone system, contributing to the regulation of glomerular hemodynamic and renal microcirculation. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.