Correlation between mandibular gland secretion and cuticular hydrocarbons in the stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata
Genetics and Molecular Research, v. 11, n. 2, p. 966-977, 2012.
Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
We investigated whether Melipona quadrifasciata worker mandibular gland secretions contribute directly to their cuticular hydrocarbon profile. The mandibular gland secretion composition and cuticular surface compounds of newly emerged worker bees, nurse bees, and foragers were determined by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry and compared. Both the mandibular gland secretions and the cuticular surface compounds of all worker stages were found to be composed almost exclusively of hydrocarbons. Although the relative proportion of hydrocarbons from the cuticular surface and gland secretion was statistically different, there was a high similarity in the qualitative composition between these structures in all groups of bees. © FUNPEC-RP.