Monografias de Especialização
Associação entre diabetes, hipertensão e doença periodontal: revisão bibliográfica
Ana Cristina Marques Mitsunaga Costa
The purpose of this study is to review the literature on the interrelationship of periodontal disease (PD) with diabetes and hypertension (AH). A narrative literature review was conducted through literature search in databases of BIREME. We selected articles in Portuguese, published in the last 10 years. The correlation between oral microorganisms and periodontal diseases has been proven. Studies have been conducted in order to verify the influence of microorganisms on the patient's general health and also about certain diseases that affect him as hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM.), as diseases that are with high prevalence and mortality. Recent studies reported that diabetes and periodontal disease have a bidirectional association in which diabetes favors the development of periodontal disease when left untreated, and this complicates the metabolic control of diabetes. Cardiovascular diseases have a complex etiology and result from risk factors such as hypertension, smoking and diabetes. PD is associated with the same risk factors. The study results showed the influence of periodontitis in systemic diseases and how systemic change can modify the progress and severity of periodontal disease. From the evidence found in literature, concludes that DP is a risk factor for diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, risk approach in justifying these diseases the adoption of preventive measures and health promotion aimed at maintaining a good oral health.