Ensayo clínico controlado del efecto de la dieta sin lácteos para tratar la dispepsia en ancianos institucionalizados
MERINO CASAS, MARVIN JAIME
Background. Dyspepsia is one of the main reasons for consultation in the medicine of first contact in all age groups and despite the fact that its prevalence increases with age, is particularly at this stage of life which has not studied the problem in depth. Objective. Identify the usefully of the dairy free diet as a treatment of dyspepsia in elderly people who lives permanently in a care home located at North of Mexico City. Material and methods. We included 24 subjects over the age of 60 years with a functional dyspepsia diagnosis, with two or more gastrointestinal symptoms in 4 or more days of last week and no history of having ingested prokinetic or antacid medication in the past 4 weeks. Two groups of 12 people were randomly formed each which the Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rate Scale questionnaire for the identification of symptoms of dyspepsia GSRS was applied and the results were tabulated. To group A so-called experimental, was given a month a dairy free diet while that group B so-called control, was indicated a normal diet including milk and dairy products, also for a month. Past 30 days was applied again the same questionnaire to both groups. Results. We found that the group with not dairy intake had fewer gastrointestinal symptoms than the group control that ate diet with dairy, so it is concluded that the dairy-free diet is a good non-pharmacological therapeutic resource for treating dyspepsia in elderly. Conclusions. Due to de evident results, it is a fact that the modification of eating habits including the dairy-free diet it is a good non-pharmacological alternative treatment for institutionalized adults, however further multicentre studies are required.