Pré-posicionamento e aquisição de suprimentos na cadeia humanitária brasileira
García Pérez, Andrés Felipe
In the Brazilian humanitarian chain, product flows from the private sector to victims of disasters are only allowed on the hypothesis that a bidding process with the public sphere was carried out. The proposal of this work is a mixed-integer linear programming approach, for the supply of aid in disaster areas via acquisition and / or pre-positioning, with the purpose of integrating location of deposits decisions and evaluating the trade-off between the aids bought before and after the disaster, from the agreements between suppliers and the Brazilian Civil Defense. Location of deposits is treated under a localization approach of maximum coverage with the time of attendance to the victims being a limiting factor. Beyond location of deposits, is also considered its size to be opened. There are considered restrictions of geographical and product fairness, for a fair distribution of a budget available, common in the governmental scope. Results shows the need to maintain strategic stocks in certain Brazilians states, guaranteeing time satisfaction in emergencies products according to the stablished parameters.