Diretrizes para a elaboração de projetos urbanos de impacto ambiental reduzido : aplicação no município de São Carlos, SP
Tão, Nícolas Guerra Rodrigues
The cities are under a process of constant expansion, which generates degradation of the natural system. However, economic progress and the cities growth depends on the stability of ecosystems as a way to supply resources for human activities. Some urban planning models and approaches were designed in different contexts and scales as a way to build more harmonious cities within their natural environment, also to compose a set of inspiring theories and practices to promote advances in this scenario for the Brazilian cities. In the search to match the development of urban systems and the balance of natural ecosystems, this research aims to structure criteria and guidelines to guide the development of reduced environmental impact urban projects. To analyze this potential, it is suggested their application in peri-urban expansion zones of São Carlos (São Paulo State). Additionally, urban instruments and regulations will be analyzed regarding the potential application of the proposal, through a research protocol. For the criteria and guidelines by itself, it is expected that a critical analyze of its application could, in some way, contribute to the development of reduced environmental impact in urban projects.