Síntese e caracterização de iodetos de diteluroéteres Análise da estrutura supramolecular
CARGNELUTTI, Roberta. Synthesis and characterization of ditelluroethers iodides Analysis of supramolecular structure. 2012. 107 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Química) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2012.
This work describes the synthesis and characterization of thirteen new compounds belonging to the class of ditelluroethers iodides. The starting materials (ditelluroethers) were synthesized by a method few mentioned in the literature for the synthesis of this class of compounds. This methodology proved to be efficient once that ten new ditelluroethers were synthesized in satisfactory yields. Of these thirteen synthesized compounds, six had their structures determined by X-ray diffraction. From the structural analysis of these different ditelluroethers iodides we can conclude that the organization of the crystalline packing and the formation of the supramolecular assembling may vary with the carbon chain size between the tellurium atoms, aryl groups bond to the tellurium atom and the amount of molecular iodine used in the reaction. To ditelluroethers iodides of type [(PhTeI2)2(μ-CH2)] (1) with the participation of secondary bonds could be observed the formation of one-dimensional pseudo polymers. However, in ditelluroethers iodides in which the carbon chain contains four carbons, the formation of two-dimensional pseudo polymers to [(4-MeOC6H4TeI2)2(μ-C4H8)]·CH2Cl2 (12) or three-dimensional to [(PhTeI2)2(μ-C4H8)] (9) and [(2,6-MeOC6H3TeI2)2(μ-C4H8)] (13) were obtained. It was also verified the influence of the aryl group bonded to the tellurium atom, as the compound [(2,6-MeOC6H3TeI2)2](μ-CH2)] (4) which, instead of forming pseudo polymers, occurs the formation of molecular discrete structure. The use of different amounts of iodine also caused an influence on the crystalline packing as in [(PhTeI)2(μ-C3H6)(μ-O)] (5).