Determinação voltamétrica de contaminantes metálicos (Hg, Ag, Zn, Cd, Pb e Tl) em concentrado polieletrolítico utilizando eletrodos sólidos
GUARDA, Ananda Fagundes. Determinação voltamétrica de contaminantes metálicos (Hg, Ag, Zn, Cd, Pb e Tl) em concentrado polieletrolítico utilizando eletrodos sólidos. 2012. 85 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Química) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2012.
Guarda, Ananda Fagundes
This work describes the voltammetric determination of Hg, Ag, Zn, Cd, Pb and Tl using solid electrodes as working electrodes in samples of dialysate concentrates (DCs). These contain a very high ionic strengt (~ 4.1 mol L-1), which makes the direct analysis of other analytical techniques such as ETAAS. Voltammetric methods were suitable for the determination of analytes in samples of DCs without the need for dilution, masking agents or pre-concentration steps. The experimental conditions were optimized in order to increase the selectivity and sensitivity of the current signals of each analyte. Were developed two individual methods, which enable the analysis of metals in a study with adequate sensitivity required by law. Were used a glassy carbon electrode as working electrode and as electrode support for the changes. In this electrode and Ag was determined sequentially with the film formation of bismuth, Zn, Cd, Pb. With the addition of DTPA (diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid) was analyzed Tl. Searching a second modification, the second method has the application of cysteine on the film of bismuth, showed that with adequate sensitivity for the determination of mercury. The methods were used for the analysis of commercial samples of CPHD, comparing the voltammograms of each analyte with a non-saline medium. The limit of quantification values ranging from 0.23 to 5.32 μg L-1, and the values obtained from tests for recoveries ranging from 93.6 to 106.3%.