Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso de Especialização
Perfil da postura corporal em idosos: revisão narrativa
Tavares, Deise Iop
Introduction: The increase in the elderly population in developing countries has raised concern about the quality of life and well-being of these people. Several changes occur in the elderly body with degenerative changes of the ideal body posture, loss of balance and consequent decrease in functional independence. Objective: To determine, in scientific publications, the prevalence of postural changes and balance in the elderly, as well as the realization of physical exercise and the ethical issues involved in the studies. Methodology: Literature narrative review, with research in databases SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE and Google Scholar on the subject of changes in static posture in the elderly. We included studies that presented data on the static posture of the elderly in the full text and excluded those contained pathologies, review, academic works and texts not available in full. Results: We found 18 studies, with samples ranging in age from 60 to 85 years, predominantly female (984) in a total of 1254 investigated. The most pointed postural changes were: thoracic kyphosis, lumbar concavity, scoliosis, pelvic anteversion, forward head and valgus knee. As for the balance were pointed the anteroposterior and mediolateral changes. Five of six studies showed that physical exercise is effective in improving posture and three studies do not present ethical issues. Conclusion: It is concluded that the old features typical posture with anteroposterior changes and medial-lateral balance. The exercise positively influence the attitude and ethical issues relating to the consent of the people to participate in the research are presented in most studies.