Metodologia de projeto para redução do custo de sistemas fotovoltaicos
BELLINASO, Lucas Vizzotto. Inverter design methodology for reduction of photovoltaic system cost. 2014. 144 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Engenharia Elétrica) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2014.
Bellinaso, Lucas Vizzotto
In photovoltaic systems, the lowest energy cost is not always achieved by an inverter with minimized cost or maximized efficiency. It is important to adopt methodologies that optimize the balance between system losses and costs. The Levelized Cost of Electricity minimization methodology, presented in literature, obtains an optimized inverter design, but needs variables like discount rate and maintenance costs. This study proposes a methodology for design and comparison of photovoltaic inverters that is simpler and is based on the adoption of a cost per Watt reference. It minimizes the energy cost considering the photovoltaic initial system cost and design specifications. This methodology is presented in detail, including an inverter design example that analyses losses and cost of all components, and also the irradiance of the photovoltaic installation place. Experimental results are presented to validate the proposed methodology.