A PERCEPÇÃO E O PERCURSO DAS MULHERES NOS CENÁRIOS PÚBLICOS DE ATENÇÃO PRÉ-NATAL
HOFFMANN, Izabel Cristina. THE PERCEPTION AND JOURNEY OF PREGNANT WOMEN ON THE PUBLIC HEALTH SCENERY IN PRENATAL CARE. 2008. 127 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Enfermagem) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2008.
Hoffmann, Izabel Cristina
This study researched the pregnant women journey in the public health scenery, under their personal point of view. The research locus was the public health services and, the subjects were pregnant women directed from a family health unit, deriving from one of the town s regions (north, south, east and west) to the specialized service in obstetrics. The main purpose was to know the pregnant women perception in relation the journey they went through during the gravidic cycle in the public health scenery at the City of Santa Maria/RS. The cultural conception of the pregnant women about the prenatal care was analyzed; we investigated their discernment about the beliefs and values that directed them in the route of health attention in the gravidic cycle, as well as their knowledge about the movement they have done in the different town health sceneries. The leading methodology of this research is based on a descriptive field study with a qualitative approach. The data collection was performed in the period from April to July/2008, with the participation of 15 pregnant women. Minayo s (2007) thematic analysis was applied. To the analyses of the information collected, two major categories were established: The Perception of the Pregnant Women about the Prenatal Care from which six subcategories are deduced and, the other was The Trajectory of the Pregnant Women in the Health Sceneries giving rise to two subcategories. The results indicated that the functionality of reference and counter reference systems are precarious and, it does not guarantee the continuity in health actions. The obstetrics reference service had been directing the pregnant women without the formal counter reference favoring in this manner the fragmentation in care, the information from one service to another are based in the oral reports made by the pregnant women, the interpersonal relationship is based on the friendship relations between professionals and the pregnant women, this sometimes speed up directing and access to health care, but not always following the formal flow and formalities. We conclude that the pregnant women are accustomed to move from one of the health units in the network and from the reference service to obstetric intercurrences and/or accompaniment of high level risk prenatal, with the prior aim of giving birth to a healthy baby and, in second plan, to take care of their own health. And, the pregnancy care centered in the biomedical model also has a social and cultural character impregnated with uncertainties, negotiations, adaptations and, individual and collective re-standardization in the sceneries the pregnant women go through during their gravidic cycle.