COMPORTAMENTO MECÂNICO DE MATERIAL RECICLADO A FRIO COM EMULSÃO E CIMENTO
TANSKI, Mateus Camargo. MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF RECYCLED COLD MIXTURE WITH EMULSION AND CEMENT. 2016. 169 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Engenharia Civil) - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, 2016.
Tanski, Mateus Camargo
The recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) extracted from recovery distresses in highways does not receive the attention and importance it deserves in Brazil. The reuse of this material, which presents as good properties as the virgin aggregate, when applied correctly in the composition of new pavement layers or rehabilitations, is a widely used in European and United States. Besides solving the environmental liabilities of pavement, the reuse of milled material in asphalt mixtures is a sustainable alternative, which decreases consumption of asphalt and virgin aggregate, milled material transportation and allocation costs. This study seeks an alternative to the use of RAP as the base layer in the implementation of new pavements.For this paper, cold recycled mixtures were studied, wich are composed of RAP (granulometrically stabilized with fine aggregate) and RL-1C asphalt emulsion, a bituminous binder that contains added Portland Cement (CP V ARI) in the proportions of 2% to 5% for emulsion and from 0% to 1% of cement, in weight. The proposed mixtures were evaluate through mechanical resistance to single compression (RCS), indirect tensile strength (RT), resilient modulus tests (RM), Complex Modulus (E* and Ф) and Flow Number (FN). After performing these tests, it was observed that the values obtained reveal that the mixtures with proportions varying from 50% to 75% of emulsion, compared to the cement used in the mixtures, show better results. Moreover, the mixtures present resilient modulus results ranging from 1500 MPa to 3000 MPa (excellent values for base layers). The FN test shows that by adding cement to the mixture, the results improved in the form of an increment in the number of cycles, which performed at its best with samples that had 2% and 3% of emulsion. The uniaxial Complex Modulus test allowed access the viscoelastic behavior and the 2S2P1D modeling was used too. It´s possible to confirm that this technique is viable pavement maintenance.