Manejo de brusone em arroz irrigado e sensibilidade micelial de isolados à diferentes fungicidas
Perini, Fernando Luis
The blast rice, caused of fungus Pyricularia oryzae is the most important rice crop disease and can cause up to 100% crop damage. The cultural, varietal and chemical management at the field level and the monitoring and knowledge of in vitro blast isolates sensitivity are essential tools for better understanding and control of this disease. The objective of this project was to evaluate the effect of the fungicides most used in blast control in three cultivars of irrigated rice in two sowing seasons and to determine in vitro the sensitivity of the mycelial growth of two isolates of P. oryzae to the same fungicides: Triciclazole, Tebuconazole, Azoxystrobin, Trifloxystrobin + Tebuconazole and Casugamycin. For that, an experiment was carried at the field level in the 2015/2016 cropseason in Santa Maria-RS and another experiment in the laboratory. In the first experiment the cultivars used were Guri INTA CL, Puitá INTA CL and IRGA 424 RI sown in the beginning and end of the recommended period and submitted to the same fungicides. The second experiment tested the fungicides at concentrations of 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 ppm in two isolates of blast. It was concluded that the cultivar IRGA 424 IR showed to be resistant to blast and that for the maintenance of productive levels in the cultivars susceptible to P. oryzae, especially in the second sowing season, the adoption of more efficient fungicides is indispensable. In relation to mycelial growth in vitro, the first insensitivity of a P. oryzae isolate to the active ingredients Triciclazol and Azoxystrobin was verified at the national level.