The Effect of Surface Treatment on Shear Bond Strength between Y-TZP and Veneer Ceramic: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Journal of Prosthodontics, v. 27, n. 7, p. 624-635, 2018.
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Purpose: The objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to evaluate surface treatment in yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal ceramic (Y-TZP) on the shear bond strength (SBS) values between Y-TZP (core ceramic) and veneer ceramic, compared to untreated specimens. Materials and Methods: This review was registered at PROSPERO platform under the number CRD42016036493. The systematic review of the extracted publications was performed to compare the effect of surface treatment on SBS between Y-TZP ceramic and veneering ceramic. A comprehensive review of the literature from the earliest available dates through January 2017 was performed in the PubMed/Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases. Results: A total of 15 studies were identified for the inclusion of data, with only in vitro studies. A random-effect model found statistically significant differences between untreated and treated surfaces of Y-TZP (p < 0.00001; MD: 2.84; 95% CI: 2.19 to 3.49). In another analysis, a random-effect model found statistically significant differences between the groups that only performed the associations of treatments and control group (p < 0.00001; MD: 3.19; 95% CI: 2.11 to 4.28). Conclusions: Surface treatment in Y-TZP improved the values of SBS between the Y-TZP and veneer ceramic. The associations between two or more treatments also showed positive effect on the bond strength due the cumulative effect of the treatments.