Artículos de revistas
Characterization of resistance to the bean weevil Acanthoscelides obtectus Say, 1831 (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in common bean genotypes
Arthropod-plant Interactions. Dordrecht: Springer, v. 11, n. 6, p. 861-870, 2017.
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
The bean weevil Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say, 1831) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) is one of the most serious pests of stored beans worldwide because of the damage it causes to grains within warehouses. The use of resistant genotypes may offer a control strategy for this pest. In the current study, we screened common bean genotypes of Andean American and Mesoamerican origin in laboratory and greenhouse bioassays to select the most promising beans for resistance to the bean weevil. In the laboratory, we evaluated number of eggs, period of development (egg-adult), number of emerged adults, dry weight of adults, and weight of consumed grains. In the greenhouse, number of pods per plant and number of grains per pod were evaluated. We also assessed the percentages of damaged pods per plant and damaged grains per pod. Combining the results obtained in the laboratory and greenhouse assays, the common bean genotypes Arc.1, Arc.2, Arc.1S, Arc.5S, and Arc.3S were identified as resistance expressing antibiosis against A. obtectus. The lowest percentages of damaged pods were found in the Arc.1 and Arc.1S genotypes, and their resistance to damage was apparently morphological (antixenotic) because they possessed structures that prevented contact between larvae and grains. The use of resistant genotypes in combination with other techniques may improve management of the weevil. Additionally, the resistant genotypes identified here can be used in breeding programs to develop common bean lines with resistance to A. obtectus.