Application of Heart Rate Variability in Diagnosis and Prognosis of Individuals with Diabetes Mellitus: Systematic Review
Annals Of Noninvasive Electrocardiology. Hoboken: Wiley-blackwell, v. 21, n. 3, p. 223-235, 2016.
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC)
Background: The use of heart rate variability as a tool capable of discriminating individuals with diabetes mellitus is still little explored, as its use has been limited to comparing those with and without the disease. Thus, the purpose of this study was to verify the use of heart rate variability as a tool for diagnostic and prognostic evaluation in person with diabetes and to identify whether there are cutoff points generated from the use of this tool in these individuals. Methods: A search was conducted in the electronic databases MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBASE, and LILACS starting from the oldest records until January 2015, by means of descriptors related to the target condition, evaluated tool, and evaluation method. All the studies were evaluated for methodological quality using the QUADAS-2 instrument. Results: Eight studies were selected. In general, the studies showed that the heart rate variability is useful to discriminate cardiac autonomic neuropathy in person with diabetes, and the sample entropy, SD1/SD2 indices, SDANN, HF, and slope of TFC have better discriminatory power to detect autonomic dysfunction, with sensitivity and specificity values ranging from 72% to 100% and 71% to 97%, respectively. Conclusion: Although there are methodological differences in indices used, in general, this tool demonstrated good sensitivity and specificity and can be used as an additional and/or complementary tool to the conventional autonomic tests, in order to obtain safer and more effective diagnostic, collaborating for better risk stratification conditions of these patients.