Artículos de revistas
Phosphorus, Potassium and Sulfur Interactions in Soybean Plants on a Typic Hapludox
Communications In Soil Science And Plant Analysis. Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis Inc, v. 49, n. 4, p. 405-415, 2018.
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL)
Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril) has the largest acreage in Brazil where nutrients are provided to crops by formulated fertilizers, which is the most usual method. Under tropical and subtropical conditions, most of the nutrients required by soybean crops are phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), while sulfur (S) is applied in smaller amounts. The P, K, and S interactions under greenhouse conditions using completely randomized blocks in a factorial 3 x 3 x 3 arrangement were evaluated. The treatments were as follows: three P rates (0, 75, and 150 mg P kg(-1)); three K rates (0, 150, and 300 mg K kg(-1)); and three S rates (0, 50, and 100 mg S kg(-1)). The P, K, and S application had a significant influence on the shoot dry weight (SDW) and number of pods per pot (NPP) in contrast with the increase in grain yield (GY) that had positive relationship with K and S rates. These results indicated that both nutrients were the most limiting to GY. In soil and leaves, only the P, K, and S concentrations were modified by the treatments (P, K, and S), but in the grains there was synergism of P rates with Mg concentration unlike K rates with Ca concentration. Physiological components as photosynthetic rate, intrinsic efficiency of water use, and chlorophyll had influence from P and K rates.