Artículos de revistas
Financial viability of inserting the biofloc technology in a marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei farm: a case study in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil
Aquaculture International. Dordrecht: Springer, v. 25, n. 1, p. 473-483, 2017.
Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
This study analyzed the financial viability of inserting the biofloc technology (BFT) system and maintaining the conventional culture system for the marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in a farm located in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. To obtain information related to investment and operating costs, we used three ponds (625 m(2) each) covered with high-density polyethylene operating with the BFT system and data from three conventional ponds (2.86 ha each) used in a farm during 2014. The total production costs of BFT were eight times higher than the conventional system. Operating profit and profitability index were US$ 51,871.54 ha(-1) year(-1) and 30.22 % for BFT, and US$ 21,523.83 ha(-1) year(-1) and 59.79 % for the conventional system, respectively. In investment analysis, indicators were favorable for both systems, with greater expressiveness of the net present value (NPV) for the BFT (US$ 142,004.42) and internal rate of return (IRR) 4.5 times higher for conventional system (131.86 %). To achieve favorable results of profitability and viability, combined with the ability to contribute to the sustainable development of marine shrimp farming, the BFT system is a promising alternative to replace traditional systems used in northeastern Brazil.