Artículo de revista
Severe mortality impact of the 1957 influenza pandemic in Chile
Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses, Volumen 11, Issue 3, 2018, Pages 230-239
Miller, Mark A.
Published 2016. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.Introduction: Epidemiological studies of the 1957 influenza pandemic are scarce, particularly from lower-income settings. Methods: We analyzed the spatial–temporal mortality patterns of the 1957 influenza pandemic in Chile, including detailed age-specific mortality data from a large city, and investigated risk factors for severe mortality impact across regions. Results: Chile exhibited two waves of excess mortality in winter 1957 and 1959 with a cumulative excess mortality rate of 12 per 10 000, and a ~10-fold mortality difference across provinces. High excess mortality rates were associated with high baseline mortality (R2=41.8%; P=.02), but not with latitude (P>.7). Excess mortality rates increased sharply with age. Transmissibility declined from R=1.4-2.1 to R=1.2-1.4 between the two pandemic waves. Conclusions: The estimated A/H2N2 mortality burden in Chile is the highest on record for thi