Factores de riesgo cardiovascular en trabajadores de una institución universitaria Bogotá D.C- Colombia
TEME 0019 2010
Lancheros Carrillo, Piedad Liliana
Martínez R., Erika
Salazar E., Valentina
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries and some transition as in the case of Colombia. According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular disease causes 17.5 million deaths worldwide each year and account for half of all deaths in the United States and other developed countries. Objective: To describe the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in workers at a university in the city of Bogotá, to establish strategies for health promotion and prevention of cardiovascular disease. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional through a sample of volunteer subjects with free participation. Workers who chose to participate are given a questionnaire and performed a blood sample by capillary refill, using the technique of Hydrocephalus (Reflotron). 751 workers go. Format was used as a method of data collection for the physical examination, results of paraclinical and a history of cardiovascular risk factors. Results: We surveyed 751 employees of which the average age was 39.7 years. Of those evaluated, 70% were female and 30% were males. 38.6% had dyslipidemia (cholesterol and / or triglycerides), 7% of the population had diabetes, in different degrees of obesity 6.2% and overweight was 36.8%, 11.1% are Smoking and a high figure of 58.7% led a sedentary life. The bivariate analysis allowed to identify the relationship between risk factors and type of worker, the value obtained is within the range of higher probability distribution as chi-square front to the risk factor of dyslipidemia and glucose. Conclusion: The prevalence of risk factors in this study was similar to other studies in other Western countries is a significant difference in sedentary lifestyle. It noted an increase in the risk factors for cardiovascular disease were correlated with age, allowing start adopting and modifying lifestyle to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.