Factores relacionados con los comportamientos pro-ambientales y anti-ecológicos : revisión sistemática de la literatura 2007-2017
Anaya Hernández, Eva Johanna
Martínez Porras, Diana Marcela
Introduction: Protective behaviors in the environment reflect the growing interest in delimiting all those problems associated with environmental behaviors in different cultures and the need to carry out forceful actions that link sustainable environmental behaviors. Objective: To carry out a systematic review of the literature from 2007 to 2017, in order to characterize the factors that influence the pro-environmental and anti-ecological behavior of different population groups. Materials and methods: Scielo, SpringerLink, Elsevier, Researchgate databases were used for the review for a period of time from 2007 to 2017, in English and Spanish, with the search terms behavior pro environmental, anti-ecological behavior, factor attitudinal, situational factor and individual factor. A total of 50 articles were reviewed. Results: It is evidenced through the analyzed literature that a series of attitudinal, situational and individual factors have been identified that have influenced the reality of the social actors and that mark the behavior with respect to the pro-environmental behaviors and behaviors anti-ecological This identification of the factors has helped to clarify the interventions that must be carried out in order to implement a change. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the social profile plays an important role in pro-environmental behaviors, making individuals more concerned about the environment, acting responsibly with it. When you have a precise knowledge of the environment, its problems and potential solutions, this generates an open, pleasant and conscientious personality, leading you to consider a potential in the face of environmental control behavior, maintaining norms and pro-environmental actions.