La prevención del suicidio en las Fuerzas Militares de Colombia revisión de la literatura
Espitia Mancipe, Pedro
Rincón Joya, Gustavo Adolfo
The prevention of suicide in Military Forces is a matter of concern to the World Health Organization, which stated that the military population should be recognized worldwide as a population of highest priority in suicide prevention. The present investigation aims to perform a documentary review on suicide in Military Forces in order to identify risk factors and prevention strategies related to suicide in the Military Forces of Colombia and other countries of the world. A documentary research was conducted that focused on the studies conducted between 1996 and 2016 on the assessment and analysis of risk factors and suicide prevention strategies in the Military Forces. Regarding risk factors, it was found that in most countries, including Colombia, the age is an important risk factor because a large number of military personnel are teenagers because are the most vulnerable to suicide and the are in early stages of life. The literature shows how suicide prevention should be initiated with the pre-selection procedures for entrance into the Armed Forces and be complemented with education programs to identify, to intervene and to refer to potentially suicidal persons.