Análisis del conflicto de las Malvinas a la luz de la descolonización y el principio de determinación de los pueblos. Periodo 1982 - 2012
Ariza Muñoz, Diana
This paper intends answering the following question: How the process of decolonization and the beginning of the determination of populations can define parameters of actions that maintain the conflict for the islands?The process of colonization and incomplete decolonization are defined from these aspects, and it could give to Argentina its rights on the Malvinas. We can identify in which measure the principle of self-determination of populations involves in part the sovereignty by the British, and its applicability, thus showing a contradiction and a prevalence of self-determination within the decolonization process that claims Argentina, a situation that keeps the conflict unsolved. To understand this complex process of international relations, rationalist theories, while allowing further levels of analysis, are not sufficient because they don’t help to understand the process of conflict for the sovereignty of the Malvinas.While constructivism focuses on the process by which a study of mutual interaction by the agents in order to determine the construction of a positive or negative identity, the ones that generates a certain anarchic culture, which, in the case of the Malvinas, is defined as a conflict type, that is to say Hobbesian.