Revisión para la preparación y respuesta sanitaria ante la llegada de la enfermedad del Cchikungunya en el municipio de el Espinal Tolima
Sandoval Hernández, Leydi Johana
To face the coming of the epidemic caused by Chikungunya , it was considered and relevant the checking of the developing strategies and reorganization of the programs of local management developed in the territory that allows to create an epidemiological impact about diseases transmitted by Vectors. Through an investigation of a descriptive case study, the search of the actions that were designed in different states to face the epidemic for Chikungunya it was done by a documentary inspection where the type of actions developed to execute a comparative with the ones done in the municipality of el Espinal were taken into account and so stablish some deficiencies and lacks that support in generating changes which are required and benefit the community directly. The disease of Chikungunya is a dynamic illness, that is why it is required that the state transcends in relation to the actions that has sustained itself throughout years and despite the fact that not evidencing impact they continue being elaborated. The knowledge of the documents worked as reference and contributed to the identification of opportunities of improvement in the local management like the strengthening of epidemiological and entomological vigilance, the evaluation of promotion and prevention programs, specifically of the strategy, social control of Dengue, the evaluation of the destined programs to the community, type of strategies used for the communication of risk which are used in the population of the territory, the evaluation of the cost- effectiveness of the programs developed for the diseases transmitted by vectors, and subsequent implementation of a strategy that supports in the education and evaluation of the health staff in clinic guides of management, taking as the biggest relevance that el Espinal is a territory where el Dengue is endemic and the creation of an interdisciplinary team of specialties with experience in tropical illnesses that support in the execution of a public politics that diminishes the epidemiological impact of the diseases transmitted by Vectors in the municipality of el Espinal.