Morbilidad y mortalidad en prematuros menores de 1500 gramos en un hospital regional del 2011 a 2013
Del Castillo Calderón, José Gabriel
This study aims to determine the mortality and morbidity characterize this group of infants, to establish improvement plans. Materials and methods: Retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study. Medical records of 158 preterm infants less than 1500 grams admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Department of Nariño University Hospital during the period 2011 to 2013. The data was analyzed statistically were reviewed. Results: It was found that of 5447 live births were 2.9% less than 1500 grams. 52.5% were male, 63.9% were born by cesarean section. 23.4% did not receive antenatal steroids. The mortality rate for the study period in this group of patients was 7.3 per thousand live births. 100% of infants less than 750 g died. While no survival of less than 24weeks was recorded. Conclusions: Could this be set as the limit of viability birth weight <750 gr and less than 24 weeks gestation, where death is almost the rule, always considering carefully evaluate each individual case. The morbidity of very low birth weight preterm birth is in the ranges reported in the literature.