Logística y cadenas de suministro humanitarias : revisión sistemática de los conceptos aplicados concebidos desde el ámbito comercial. Un enfoque en Latinoamérica
García Rojas, Juan Sebastián
This paper aims to undertake a review of the concepts developed from the commercial logistics and supply chains that might match up in the different scenarios of the humanitarian relief. Although there are several similar reviews, this manuscript considers the need of upgrading the existing information to give account of the perspectives of the different regions that could contribute to the development of this state of art (in this case focusing in Latin America). Therefore, the purpose of this paper is twofold: Firstly, it displays the importance given from the academy about the transposition of concepts, tools and frameworks conceived from the commercial organizational context that might be relevant for the study of the humanitarian logistics and supply chains. Secondly, it identifies the most common approaches in the state of art of humanitarian logistics and supply chain considering the geographic context where they are developed. The added value of this paper, in contrast to previous reviews, lies in the evaluation of the state of art of humanitarian logistics and supply chain from the academy while considering the opportunity of the Latin American context to deal with this subject matter, this, due to the background of the region which is not unaware of the occurrence of situations that require an accurate execution of the activities related to the humanitarian relief. This paper is divided into four parts. The first one comes up with an introduction that shows the urgency of tackling with the concepts of humanitarian logistics and supply chains from the academy through an approach to the Latin American context, to be precise. The second part depicts the methodology applied for the compilation of the required sources. The third part shows the obtained results that will be thoroughly discussed in the fourth part. Finally, the fifth part sums up the conclusions resulted from the discussion.